Symptoms and Treatment of Ebola
What is Ebola?
Ebola is a deadly disease caused by a virus. Before having a knowledge of Symptoms and Treatment of Ebola ,we should know that what it is. There are total five strains, and four of them can make people sick. After entering the body, it kills cells, making some of them explode. It destroys the immune system, causing internal bleeding in he body, and nearly every organ damage.
- Ebola virus are mainly found in primates in Africa and possibly in the Philippines; there are only occasional outbreaks of infection in humans. Ebola haemorrhagic fever occurs mainly in Africa in the Republic of Congo, Gabon, Sudan, Ivory Coast and Uganda, but it can occur in other African countries.
- Ebola virus can be spread by direct contact with blood and secretions, in contact with the blood and secretions which remain on clothes, and by needles and / or syringes used to treat patients infected with Ebola virus.
Symptoms of Ebola virus infection are similar to those infections produced by other hemorrhagic fever viruses and these Symptoms and Treatment of Ebola include:
- joint and muscle pain,
- fatigue, malaise, and weakness,
- nausea and vomiting.
- reddened eyes,
Some Additional Ebola symptoms may include
- stomach pain and loss of appetite,
- cough, sore throat, and difficulty swallowing,
- chest pain,
- breathing problems.
As it worsens in severity, symptoms can include bleeding at various sites within or outside of the body.
How is Ebola spread?
Unlike other viruses, Ebola virus is not airborne, the Ebola virus can be transmitted through body fluids. Therefore, the Ebola virus is spread through transmission from human to human through direct contact, according to WHO. Direct contact means that the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids containing the virus to come into contact with broken skin or mucous membranes of a healthy individual for the virus is transmitted. The fluids may come directly from the infected patient or surfaces affected by the sick individual, such as bedding or clothing.
To know Symptoms and Treatment of Ebola , The virus is more easily transmitted by blood, feces and vomit. Breast milk, urine and semen were also found to carry the Ebola virus, and it is believed that it can even be transmitted through tears and saliva.
Ebola is not transmitted through the air.
This means that a person can not contract the virus to breathe the same air as an infected person. However, if an infected person sneezes directly on a person sneezes mucus that comes in contact with an open wound or the eyes, nose or mouth of someone else, there is a risk of infection.
What is Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a viral disease caused by the Ebola virus which results in early non-specific symptoms of the disease and causes an internal and external bleeding (hemorrhage) the disease often progresses. Ebola hemorrhagic fever is considered one of the most deadly viral infections; death rate is very high during outbreaks (outbreaks ratios are from about 50% to 100% of infected humans, according to the Ebola strain).
There is no cure for Ebola, and there is no vaccine that can prevent the disease. Those recovering from the disease do so by the strength of their own immune system, according to the CDC. Doctors have found that one of the most important treatment for patients with the virus is simply keeping well hydrated and help them breathe, to give a better chance to fight against the disease of the immune system. In Symptoms and Treatment of Ebola following measures can be made..
Doctors are trying several experimental treatments on patients. Some doctors give patients blood transfusions of those who survived Ebola. The hope is that the survivor of antibodies will help the immune system fight the virus recipient.
ZMapp is an experimental treatment for Ebola. This treatment consists of three monoclonal antibodies that can bind to the virus, so that the immune system may empty the virus. So far, the work indicates that ZMapp can cure monkeys until five days after they were given a lethal dose of Ebola virus.
Another experimental treatment, TKM-Ebola. It is used to prevent the spread of the virus and to treat people already infected. In tests on primates, the treatment was 100 percent effective in preventing the spread of Ebola virus, according to Tekmira documentation. TKM-Ebola has been successfully used to treat humans with the virus.
Most people outside of West Africa do not need to worry about the Ebola prevention. Only those who live in an area affected by Ebola and health professionals are at risk of contracting the virus. For these people, the CDC has a tip sheet on how to prevent infection.
For Symptoms and Treatment of Ebola , Steps are being taken by the world health organizations to halt the spread of the disease. WHO and the Liberian Ministry of Health, with support from USAID, has created a training program for health workers who treat patients with Ebola virus. The program focuses on patient care, prevention and infection control. Six survivors Ebola help with the project, to give an inside look at what it‘s like to have the disease.
Companies are also produce machines that will make it easier disinfection for clinics and hospitals. For example, medical device manufacturer Xenex, based in San Antonio, Texas, has developed a robot that uses ultraviolet UV-C pulses to disinfect hospital rooms. The device, called Little Moe, is used by 250 hospitals in the United States, including the hospital who treated the first US patient Ebola. The company claims it can rid any room Ebola in two minutes.