Intro to stress?
Stress is a normal physical response to events that make you feel threatened or upset your balance in some way. When you feel danger, the defenses of the body kick into high gear in a rapid process, known as automatic “fight or flight or-gel” or the response to stress. The stress response is the way to protect yourself from the body. When working properly, it helps you stay focused, energetic and alert.
But beyond a certain point, stress stops being helpful and starts causing major damage to your health, your mood, your productivity, your relationships and your quality of life.
In psychology, stress is a sense of pressure and coercion. Small amounts of stress may be desirable, beneficial, and even sound. Positive stress helps improve athletic performance. It also plays a role in motivation, adaptation and response to the environment. Excessive amounts of stress, however, can lead to bodily harm. Stress can increase the risk of strokes, heart attacks, ulcers, dwarfism, and mental illnesses such as depression.
Stress or Anxiety can be external, related to the environment, but can also be created by internal perceptions that cause a person to experience anxiety or other negative emotions that surround a situation such as pressure, discomfort etc., then they consider stressful.
Stress effects our body areas
Some words about Stressors
Stress is a non-specific reaction. It is neutral, and which varies the extent of reaction. It’s all about the context of the individual and how they perceive the situation. He defined stress “the non-specific (ie, often) the result of application to the body, mental or somatic effect.” This includes the medical definition of stress as a physical requirement and definition familiar psychological stress application. A stressor is inherently neutral meaning that the same stressor can cause fear or eustress. It is the differences and individual responses that induce either fear or eustress.
How Stress effects our body by Different Types of stressors?
A stressor is an event, an experience or environmental stimulus that causes stress in an individual. These events or experiences are seen as threats or challenges to the individual and can be both physically and psychologically. The researchers found that stressors individuals more susceptible to both physical and psychological problems, including heart disease and anxiety can make.
Stressors are more likely to affect the health of an individual as they are “chronic, very disruptive, or perceived to be uncontrollable” .In psychology, researchers generally classify different types of stressors in four categories:
1- crisis / disaster
Two important events in the life
3- daily hassles / microstressors
4- ambient stress.
This type of stress is unexpected and unpredictable and, as such, totally outside the control of the individual. Examples of emergencies and disasters comprise. Devastating natural disasters such as flooding or earthquakes, wars, etc. Although rare occurrence of this kind of stress usually causes a lot of stress in a person’s life. A study by Stanford University found that after natural disasters, the people affected have experienced a significant increase in stress.
Important life issues
Common examples of major life events include:. Marriage to college, the death of a loved one, the birth of a child, etc. These events can be positive or negative. Research has shown significant events are rare enough to be the main causes of stress because of his rare events.
The duration of action and whether the positive or negative events or factors causing stress and how stress causes. The researchers found that the events which took place in the past month are generally not related to stress or illness, while the events more products chronicles a few months ago are related to stress and disease and personality change. In addition, positive events are usually related to stress and tension if all markets, usually only trivial adverse events are related to stress and health problems that accompany it. However, can predict positive experiences and positive changes in life declines in neurosis.
In this human model-based energy can six levels of co-present, or instead be governed by one or more voltage levels during the different stages of the life of the individual. The intervention must be found in two different ways: (1) reduction strategy reduction targets, reducing the target of adapting the current energy levels of the individual, or (2) emancipation of the individual, based on acquiring specific tools and instruments to the specific area, through coaching changes, training, counseling, and lifestyle that can help the individual is required when restoring power-good levels to perform the required tasks.
Stress effects our body through microstressors
This includes the daily problems and hassles minors. Examples include: decision making, meeting deadlines at work or school, traffic jams, encounters with irritating personalities, etc. Often this form of stress include conflicts with other people.. Daily stress, however, are different for each individual, everyone experiences as stressful event. For example, most people find public speaking to be stressful, however, a seasoned politician will not be the most likely.
As the name suggests, is the overall (in contrast to the individual) stressors low grade that are part of the background environment. They are described as stressors that “chronic, a negative value, non-urgent physically noticeable, and the persistent attempts by individuals to change.” Characteristic of environmental stress are pollution, noise, congestion and traffic. In contrast to the other three types of stress, can have a negative impact on the environment stress without conscience. They are so weak on this Stokols called “perceptual salience.”
Stress warning Signs & Symptoms
Followings are different types of Signs & Symptoms of stress.
Stress effects our body physically
Followings are the Physical Symptoms of stress
- Aches and pains
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Nausea, dizziness,
- Chest pain, rapid heart rate
- Loss of sex drive
- frequent colds
- Memory problems
- Burn Out
- Feeling of insecurity
- Inability to concentrate
- Poor judgment
- Only seeing the negative
- Anxious or racing thoughts
- Constantly worrying
- Trouble concentrating
Stress effects our body emotionally
- Irritability or angry
- Agitation, inability to relax
- Feeling overwhelmed
- Loneliness and isolation feeling
- Depression and general unhappiness
Behavioral Symptoms of Stress
- Eating more or less
- Sleeping too much or too little
- Isolate themselves from others
- Delaying or neglecting responsibilities
- The use of alcohol, cigarettes or drugs to relax
- Nervous habits (eg nail biting, pacing)
The Five Best Kept Secrets About Stress that how stress effects our body?
If you’re like most people living in our fast-paced world, you wish you could be less stressed. You are constantly on the lookout for ways to reduce your stress and that’s most likely why you clicked on this blog link. Perhaps you’ll learn something new to help you manage the many demands you feel on your time and energy. Or perhaps this will another one of those pop psych articles that tell you what you already knew or have read about many times before.
Secret #1: Stress is in the mind of the beholder person.
There is no event in life that is objectively stressful. Mental health experts often talk about a particular experience being the single most stressful event that can happen to a person. Researchers who measure stressful life events claim that even an experience that many people look forward to, such as a well-deserved vacation, can be stressful. The reason that a vacation can be stressful, they argue, is that it requires some sort of adaptation on your part. Any deviation from the status quo is enough to give you a bump up on such stressful life events scales.
However, other researchers believe that no event has an inherent stress value. What’s stressful to you may be neutral to me, or even possibly, something that makes me feel better. Cognitive approaches to stress emphasize your thoughts about an event. You only feel stressed when you believe that you lack the resources to manage a threat or challenge. If you think your coping abilities are up to snuff, then you’ll be fine. It also helps to have someone to confide in, such as a long-term partner, whose support can lower yours even more by benefiting your health, as we know from research on marital problems and obesity.
Maybe you knew this already. So where’s the secret in this, you ask? The new data, hot off the presses, comes from a study published by Yale psychologist Alia Crum and team. They talk about the stress “mindset,” the mental “frame or lens” that you use when you approach and understand an experience. If you have a negative stress mindset, you believe, for example, that you should avoid stress at all costs, that it saps your energy, and that it inhibits your ability to grow. If your stress mindset is positive, you feel that it makes you healthier, and that it enhances your performance and productivity.
Secret #2: A bad mood in the morning really can ruin your whole day
Research shows that you can, quite literally, wake up on the wrong side of the bed.
In a study of 29 customer service representatives employed at a call center of an insurance company, University of Pennsylvania organizational behavior professor Nancy Rothbard and Ohio State professor Stephanie Wilk (2011) tracked employees’ mood changes throughout the day in response to their contact with customers. The employees rated the emotions shown by their customers along with the way they felt after completing the call. In addition, the organization measured the productivity of the employees in terms of how much time they made themselves available for calls after hanging up from the preceding call.
Supporting the “wake up on the right side of the bed” theory for work satisfaction, call center employees who started the day in a bad mood actually rated their customers more negatively than those who started out in a good mood. What’s worse for their job performance, after talking to a customer who displayed negative affect, the employees were less productive in that they were more likely to take a break after such a call. We can conclude that starting out in a bad mood leads you to feel more stressed which, in turn causes you to interpret what happens to you more negatively, which in turn leads your actual work performance to suffer. What does this mean for you? Instead of starting this vicious cycle, you need to check your bad mood at the mattress, no matter which side of it you wake up on.
Secret #3: Stress begets stress & so on.
This next secret comes from a fascinating line of research based on what’s called the “stress generation” hypothesis. According to this view, people play an active role in creating their own stressful life events by virtue of the way they handle their everyday life situations. We might call this the “Debbie Downer” principle (named after the Rachel Dratch Saturday Night Live (link is external) character). When you allow your internal feelings of stress to leak to your external behavior, you create an aura of negativity that drives other people away. This doesn’t mean that you have to fake being happy when you’re not (more on that shortly), but that by letting stress get to you in a chronic manner, your interactions with others can suffer.
University of Texas psychologist Marci Gleason and her collaborators recently provided evidence to support the stress generation hypothesis. They had the unique opportunity to test over 1200 people ages 55-64 at one point in time and then follow them up 6 months later to find out how personality at Time 1 predicted life events at Time 2. The people who had the highest personality test scores on measures of neuroticism and scales measuring borderline personality disorder had more negative events occur to them at the follow-up. Conversely, people who chronically tended to maintain a cold and distant attitude toward others (i.e. avoidant personality disorder) had fewer negative life events in the subsequent 6 months. The upshot is that by constantly worrying, being anxious, and over-reacting, you can create real havoc that continues to affect your life on a daily basis.
Secret #4: You really do sleep more poorly than normal when you’re stressed.
Speaking of getting out of bed, let’s turn to what happens when you’re in bed at night. University of Stockholm researcher Helena Peterson headed up 2013 study in which the stress and sleep patterns of 28 teachers were intensively studied through self-ratings and sleep quality ratings completed in their homes. They compared teachers who said their sleep was negatively affected by stress (the “sensitive” group) with those who said theirs was not (the “resilient” group). The teachers rated their days as high or low in stress, and their sleep quality was compared across those two conditions. On weeks that they felt stressed, the teachers more sensitive to stress had poorer sleep quality, felt more tired, had more trouble waking up in the morning, and performed more poorly on tests of cognitive functioning.
The Peterson study suggests that if you’re someone whose sleep is easily disrupted by stress, the amount of stress you encounter will take a heavy toll on you during the day. More stress during the day will lead- you guessed it- to poorer sleep, and the cycle continues. You’ll also wake up in a worse mood and as we just saw, that will impair your ability to perform well on the job.
Secret #5: Watch out for bullies.
We hear about bullying in the schools and its effect on children, and rightfully so. However, did you know that bullying in the workplace is a major source of stress for adults? University of Copenhagen researcher Annie Hogh and colleagues (2012) conducted a study on over 1,000 workers from 55 workplaces to learn about the impact of workplace bullying on physiological and psychological measures of stress. They defined workplace bullying as negative interpersonal acts on the job which victims cannot cope with or control.
Workers in the Danish study rated the extent to which they experienced workplace bullying in the form of social isolation, direct harassment, intimidating behavior, work-related criticism, and physical violence. They rated their psychological stress levels in terms of the extent to which they experienced intrusive thoughts, avoidance behavior, and hyper-arousal. The researchers also measured the levels of cortisol (the stress hormone).
How to avoid misunderstandings during communication when we are stressed?
Communication is an important stress management skill. Although this seems like an easy skill, there is much more to communication than just talk. In fact it can cause communication problems such misunderstandings if not used effectively. When miscommunication happen tend to have more problems, anger and resentment are as communications were effective in the first place. There are certain things that must be done to achieve effective communication
The first guideline is to be clear about what is wanted or needed when speaking with others.
e requires recognition of distorted and exaggerated expectations and thoughts of the individual.
An easy way to meet this Directive by reflecting the purpose of the call in the statement. By reflecting what the desired outcome of the discussion, there is little room for miscommunication.
The second guideline for effective communication is the use assertive communication.
When people are stressed, they can not put their feelings into words properly. When the receiver in the call can not understand the needs of the individual, miscommunication happen and can feel the person victim and blame others for not understanding. The third guideline is that empathy is defined as the ability to communicate the perspective of another interesting and this perspective to that person.
The ultimate guide to avoid misunderstandings in communication, while stressed is cognitive restructuring assertive communication easier as it requires the person to their thoughts and feelings are ways to restructure identify is cognitively by to stop and understand what keeps the conversation.
Deep breathing as this will release some tension and promote relaxation, which will allow you to think about the true emotions.
Thinking about how you feel emotionally and how you feel right allow you to choose the correct answer.
Choosing the more realistic and helpful way of thinking, communication can be given to you and upfront leaving little room for miscommunication.
By following the above techniques and guidelines, it will reduce the risk of a miscommunication in a conversation. Once the ability to communicate with assertive techniques are being used in everyday life, the frequency of misunderstandings will drop significantly.
The importance of understanding how assertive communication is crucial for daily life. With the knowledge of how to communicate well, whether or not stressed, the ability to communicate will be easier and result in fewer misunderstandings and frustrations that may contribute to a person’s stress.